Joseph and his Brothers
“Joseph and his Brothers”
58. And Yusuf’s brothers came and went in to him, and he knew them, while they did not recognize him.
59. And when he furnished them with their provision, he said: Bring to me a brother of yours from your father; do you not see that I give full measure and that I am the best of hosts?
60. But if you do not bring him to me, you shall have no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall you come near me.
61. They said: We will strive to make his father yield in respect of him, and we are sure to do (it).
62. And he said to his servants: Put their money into their bags that they may recognize it when they go back to their family, so that they may come back.
63. So when they returned to their father, they said: O our father, the measure is withheld from us, therefore send with us our brother, (so that) we may get the measure, and we will most surely guard him.
64. He said: I cannot trust in you with respect to him, except as I trusted in you with respect to his brother before; but Allah is the best Keeper, and He is the most Merciful of the merciful ones.
65. And when they opened their goods, they found their money returned to them. They said: O our father! what (more) can we desire? This is our property returned to us, and we will bring corn for our family and guard our brother, and will have in addition the measure of a camel (load); this is an easy measure.
66. He said: I will by no means send him with you until you give me a firm covenant in Allah’s name that you will most certainly bring him back to me, unless you are completely surrounded. And when they gave him their covenant, he said: Allah is the One in Whom trust is placed as regards what we say.
67. And he said: O my sons! do not (all) enter by one gate and enter by different gates and I cannot avail you aught against Allah; judgment is only Allah’s; on Him do I rely, and on Him let those who are reliant rely.
68. And when they had entered as their father had bidden them, it did not avail them aught against Allah, but (it was only) a desire in the soul of Yaqoub which he satisfied; and surely he was possessed of knowledge because We had given him knowledge, but most people do not know.
69. And when they went in to Yusuf. he lodged his brother with himself, saying: I am your brother, therefore grieve not at what they do.
70. So when he furnished them with their provisions, (someone) placed the drinking cup in his brother’s bag. Then a crier cried out: O caravan! you are most surely thieves.
71. They said while they were facing them: What is it that you miss?
72. They said: We miss the king’s drinking cup, and he who shall bring it shall have a camel-load and I am responsible for it.
73. They said: By Allah! you know for certain that we have not come to make mischief in the land, and we are not thieves.
74. They said: But what shall be the requital of this, if you are liars?
75. They said: The requital of this is that the person in whose bag it is found shall himself be (held for) the satisfaction thereof; thus do we punish the wrongdoers.
76. So he began with their sacks before the sack of his brother, then he brought it out from his brother’s sack. Thus did We plan for the sake of Yusuf; it was not (lawful) that he should take his brother under the king’s law unless Allah pleased; We raise the degrees of whomsoever We please, and above every one possessed of knowledge is the All-knowing one.
77. They said: If he steal, a brother of his did indeed steal before; but Yusuf kept it secret in his heart and did not disclose it to them. He said: You are in an evil condition and Allah knows best what you state.
78. They said: O chief! he has a father, a very old man, therefore retain one of us in his stead; surely we see you to be of the doers of good.
79. He said: Allah protect us that we should seize other than him with whom we found our property, for then most surely we would be unjust.
80. Then when they despaired of him, they retired, conferring privately together. The eldest of them said: Do you not know that your father took from you a covenant in Allah’s name, and how you fell short of your duty with respect to Yusuf before? Therefore I will by no means depart from this land until my father permits me or Allah decides for me, and He is the best of the judges:
81. Go back to your father and say: O our father! surely your son committed theft, and we do not bear witness except to what we have known, and we could not keep watch over the unseen:
82. And inquire in the town in which we were and the caravan with which we proceeded, and most surely we are truthful.
83. He (Yaqoub) said: Nay, your souls have made a matter light for you, so patience is good; maybe Allah will bring them all together to me; surely He is the Knowing, the Wise.
84. And he turned away from them, and said: O my sorrow for Yusuf! and his eyes became white on account of the grief, and he was a repressor (of grief).
85. They said: By Allah! you will not cease to remember Yusuf until you are a prey to constant disease or (until) you are of those who perish.
86. He said: I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah, and I know from Allah what you do not know.
87. O my sons! Go and inquire respecting Yusuf and his brother, and despair not of Allah’s mercy; surely none despairs of Allah’s mercy except the unbelieving people.
88. So when they came in to him, they said: O chief! distress has afflicted us and our family and we have brought scanty money, so give us full measure and be charitable to us; surely Allah rewards the charitable.
89. He said: Do you know how you treated Yusuf and his brother when you were ignorant?
90. They said: Are you indeed Yusuf? He said: I am Yusuf and this is my brother; Allah has indeed been gracious to us; surely he who guards (against evil) and is patient (is rewarded) for surely Allah does not waste the reward of those who do good.
91. They said: By Allah! now has Allah certainly chosen you over us, and we were certainly sinners.
“Joseph and his Brothers”
1. Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
2. And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.
3. And Joseph’s ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt.
4. But Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.
5. And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
6. And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.
7. And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
8. And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
9. And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
10. And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come.
11. We are all one man’s sons; we are true men, thy servants are no spies.
12. And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
13. And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.
14. And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies:
15. Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.
16. Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.
17. And he put them all together into ward three days.
18. And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:
19. If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses:
20. But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.
21. And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
22. And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.
23. And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.
24. And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.
25. Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.
26. And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence.
27. And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack’s mouth.
28. And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?
29. And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying,
30. The man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
31. And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no spies:
32. We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.
33. And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:
34. And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.
35. And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
36. And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.
37. And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again.
38. And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
1. And the famine was sore in the land.
2. And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food.
3. And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.
4. If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food:
5. But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.
6. And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother?
7. And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
8. And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones.
9. I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:
10. For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.
11. And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
12. And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure it was an oversight:
13. Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man:
14. And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.
15. And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph.
16. And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with me at noon.
17. And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.
18. And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.
19. And they came near to the steward of Joseph’s house, and they communed with him at the door of the house,
20. And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food:
21. And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand.
22. And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks.
23. And he said, Peace be to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them.
24. And the man brought the men into Joseph’s house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender.
25. And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.
26. And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
27. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive?
28. And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.
29. And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.
30. And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there.
31. And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
32. And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
33. And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.
34. And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin’s mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.
1. And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man’s money in his sack’s mouth.
2. And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack’s mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.
3. As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses.
4. And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
5. Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
6. And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words.
7. And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing:
8. Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks’ mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord’s house silver or gold?
9. With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord’s bondmen.
10. And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words; he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.
11. Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack.
12. And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.
13. Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.
14. And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph’s house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground.
15. And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?
16. And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.
17. And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.
18. Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord’s ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.
19. My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother?
20. And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.
21. And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.
22. And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die.
23. And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.
24. And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.
25. And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food.
26. And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man’s face, except our youngest brother be with us.
27. And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons:
28. And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since:
29. And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
30. Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad’s life;
31. It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.
32. For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.
33. Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren.
34. For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
1. Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.
2. And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.
3. And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence.
4. And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.
5. Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life.
6. For these two years hath the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest.
7. And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.
8. So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
9. Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not:
10. And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast:
11. And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty.
12. And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you.
13. And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither.
14. And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
15. Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.
16. And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants.
17. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan;
18. And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land.
19. Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come.
20. Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours.
21. And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way.
22. To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment.
23. And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way.
24. So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the way.
In the Qur’an:
1. Joseph asked his brothers to bring to him their youngest brother; otherwise, he would not trade with them in the future.
2. After having opened their bags, his brothers found their stock-in-trade and happily decided that they would use it again.
3. After the brothers swore to protect their youngest brother, Jacob agreed to let them travel to Egypt together.
4. After having met with his full brother, Joseph revealed to him his true identity.
5. Joseph released all his brothers to go back to Canaan and he put his personal golden cup into his youngest brother’s bag. (at that point this brother already knew that the ruler of Egypt was his brother Joseph, but did not tell this news to anyone, keeping it as a surprise).
6. Joseph ordered that his brother be imprisoned in Egypt for his supposed act of stealing the golden cup. The brothers asked to let their brother go free and begged Joseph to allow any other brother to be imprisoned instead but Joseph rejected this offer. Then the oldest brother requested that the others tell Jacob about the unfortunate event of the theft of the cup.
7. Jacob still believed that Joseph was alive and asked the brothers to find out Joseph’s fate and fate of the brother that was left behind in Egypt.
8. The brothers came back to Egypt to ask Joseph for mercy and to ask him to give them grain abundantly. Joseph asked them what they knew about fate of Joseph and his full brother. They suddenly recognized Joseph and asked for his forgiveness.
In the Bible:
1. Joseph asked his brothers about the youngest one, Benjamin, and accused them of spying in Egypt. They offered to prove otherwise by bringing Benjamin to Egypt. Joseph imprisoned Simeon as a token to ensure their return.
2. After opening their bags and finding their money returned to them, the brothers were afraid that if they go back to Egypt they would be accused of theft. They mentioned this “miracle” to Joseph’s servant on their next visit. The servant assured them that he himself had received their money from their previous trip.
3. Jacob did not want to let Benjamin travel to Egypt so the brothers had to stay in Canaan until they had no more food. At that point, Jacob was forced to let Benjamin travel with them.
4. When Joseph recognized Benjamin, he did not disclose his identity.
5. In order to test his brothers’ loyalty, he had hidden his personal golden cup in Benjamin’s bag. It was terrible news for all, including Benjamin.
6. Joseph ordered Benjamin be imprisoned while the rest were allowed to return home freely. But his brothers stood by Benjamin, and Judah ( who had plotted to kill Joseph many years back) was willing to be imprisoned instead of the younger brother.
7. None of the brothers returned to their father with bad news. For many years, Jacob (Israel) believed that his beloved son Joseph was dead.
8. When Joseph saw his brothers’ act of self-sacrifice, he revealed his true identity to them. That was a big and pleasant surprise for all the brothers, including Benjamin. Then he invited them to fetch his father Jacob to come and live all together in Egypt.